of Gold in California, by Gen. John Sutter
Eyewitness to the Gold Discovery
Rush to the Gold Washings From the California Star
Governor Masons Report on the Discovery of Gold
T. Sherman and the Gold Rush
Impact of the Gold Discovery, by Theo. H. Hittell
Discovery as Viewed in New York and London
Rush and Anti-Chinese Race Hatred
Museum Gold Rush Items
Gold Rush Chronology 1846 - 1849
Gold Rush Chronology 1850 - 1851
Gold Rush Chronology 1852 - 1854
Gold Rush Chronology 1855 - 1856
Gold Rush Chronology 1857 - 1861
Gold Rush Chronology 1862 - 1865
Day in the 1850s
Brannan Opens New Bank - 1857
the California Star
excitement and enthusiasm of
Gold Washing still continuesincreases.
of our countrymen are not disposed to do us justice as regards the opinion
we have at different times expressed of the employment in which over two
thirds of the white population of the country are engaged. There appears
to have gone abroad a belief that we should raise our voices against what
some one has denominated an infatuation. We are very far from
it, and would invite a calm recapitulation of our articles touching the
matter, as in themselves amply satisfactory. We shall continue to report
the progress of the work, to speak within bounds, and to approve, admonish,
or openly censure whatever, in our opinion, may require it at our hands.
It is quite
unnecessary to remind our readers of the prospects of California
at this time, as the effects of this gold washing enthusiasm, upon the
country, through every branch of business are unmistakably apparent to
every one. Suffice it that there is no abatement, and that active measures
will probably be taken to prevent really serious and alarming consequences.
as far south as San Diego, and every interior town, and nearly every rancho
from the base of the mountains in which the gold has been found, to the
Mission of San Luis, south, has become suddenly drained of human beings.
Americans, Californians, Indians and Sandwich Islanders, men, women and
children, indiscriminately. Should there be that success which has repaid
the efforts of those employed for the last month, during the present and
next, as many are sanguine in their expectations, and we confess to unhesitatingly
believe probably, not only will witness the depopulation of every town,
the desertion of every rancho, and the desolation of the once promising
crops of the country, but it will also draw largely upon adjacent territoriesawake
Sonora, and call down upon us, despite her Indian battles, a great many
of the good people of Oregon. There are at this time over one thousand
souls busied in washing gold, and the yield per diem may be safely estimated
at from fifteen to twenty dollars, each individual.
by every launch from the embarcadera of New Helvetia, returns of enthusiastic
gold seekersheads of families, to effect transportation of their households
to the scene of their successful labors, or others, merely returned to
more fully equip themselves for a protracted, or perhaps permanent stay.
shovels, picks, wooden bowls, Indian baskets (for washing), etc., find
ready purchase, and are very frequently disposed of at extortionate prices.
region, so called, thus far explored, is about one hundred miles in length
and twenty in width. These imperfect explorations contribute to establish
the certainty of the placera extending much further south, probably three
or four hundred miles, as we have before stated, while it is believed to
terminate about a league north of the point at which first discovered.
The probable amount taken from these mountains since the first of May last,
we are informed is $100,000, and which is at this time principally in the
hands of the mechanical, agricultural and laboring classes.
an area explored, within which a body of 50,000 men can advantageously
labor. Without maliciously interfering with each other, then, there need
be no cause for contention and discord, where as yet, we are gratified
to know, there is harmony and good feeling existing. We really hope no
unpleasant occurrences will grow out of this enthusiasm, and that our apprehensions
may be quieted by continued patience and good will among the washers.
Saturday, June 10, 1848
Note that the "California Star" ceased publication June 14, 1848, because the staff had rushed to the gold fields. - Gladys Hansen
to the top of the page.