January 9, 1945
California State Assembly Speaker Thomas A. Maloney of San Francisco
introduced a bill to set aside $40,000,000 for unemployment relief when the
end of the war comes. The bill was recommended by Gov. Warren.
February 12, 1945
San Francisco selected as site of the United Nations Conference.
February 25, 1945
The Navy issued an urgent plea for Type "O" blood. Persons with that blood
type were urged to call GRaystone 9373. The blood was needed to build up the
reserve of whole blood and to care for Iwo Jima casualties. The blood was
flown daily by Naval Air Transport planes to Guam and other Pacific battle
February 26, 1945
Midnight curfew for San Francisco restaurants ordered to save fuel, keep
wartime production high and factory absenteeism low.
March 6, 1945
Generalissimo Chaing Kai-shek will come to the U.N. Conference in San
Francisco to meet with President Roosevelt, the White House announced.
March 8, 1945
First American prisoners of war held in Japanese camps were welcomed in San
Francisco. Many of the men were survivors of the Bataan Death
April 13, 1945
Thousands of San Franciscan's broke into tears upon hearing the news of the
death of President Roosevelt in Warm Springs, Georgia. Local churches were
filled with mourners. Harry S Truman becomes President.
April 14, 1945
Gov. Warren proclaimed today and tomorrow as days of public sorrow and
prayer. Mayor Lapham proclaimed today as an official day of mourning in San
Francisco. Retail food stores closed from 1 to 3 p.m.; butcher shops closed
at 1 p.m., and remain closed until Monday morning. All movie theaters closed
until 6 o'clock tonight. Bars and taverns closed from 10 a.m today until 10
a.m. tomorrow. All department stores were closed today.
April 22, 1945
Sen. Arthur S. Vandenburg and John Foster Dulles arrived at the Fairmont
Hotel in preparation for the forthcoming U.N. Conference.
April 25, 1945
President Truman opened the
United Nations Conference on International Organization. It will meet
until June 26.
May 6, 1945
Germany surrendered to the Western Allies today. The surrender occurred at
5:41 p.m., Pacific War Time, on Sunday, or 2:41 a.m. French time, Monday,
May 12, 1945
Mayor Roger Lapham proclaimed today "Hospital Day" to honor volunteer and
professional workers for what the mayor called, "the splendid record for
health in San Francisco during our fourth year of war." It was also Florence
May 12, 1945
Persons skilled in French, Russian and Spanish were urgently needed for work
at the United Nations Conference. Those not engaged in war work were urged
to apply at Barracks "J" on the second floor, Civic Center housing area.
May 12, 1945
Seventh War Loan Rally at Bay Meadows Race Track. Mrs. Chester W. Nimitz and
movie star Carole Landis auctioned souvenirs collected by Adm. Nimitz
specially for the event. Reproductions of Joe Rosenthal's famed Iwo Jima
picture were also sold. Rosenthal, of the AP, was a San Francisco Chronicle
photographer before the war.
May 19, 1945
UN United Women's Conference on the women's share in implementing the peace.
May 20, 1945
"I Am an American Day" celebrated at Civic Auditorium. Orchestra was led by
Walt Roesner. Gov. Warren spoke, and Jack
Benny appeared with Larry Adler, the harmonicist, as guest star.
June 25, 1945
President Harry S Truman arrived for the signing of the U.N. Charter at the
ninth and closing plenary sessions of the United Nations.
June 26, 1945
Charter of the United Nations signed at the War Memorial Opera House.
July 16, 1945
With total secrecy, the U.S.S. Indianapolis left San Francisco with two
atomic bombs. Its destination was the island of Tinian. On its secret trip
it set a new speed record between the Farallones and Hawaii of 74 1/2 hours.
July 30, 1945
The U.S.S. Indianapolis was sunk by a Japanese submarine after delivering
the atomic bombs at Guam. The ship went down 450 miles off th Leyte coast.
883 crew members lost their lives in the war's worst naval disaster.
August 1, 1945
Civil Air Patrol hosted dinner celebrating Army Air Force Day at the Palace
Hotel. Gen. Hap Arnold's movie "Victory in the Air" premiered. Mayor Lapham
August 6, 1945
Col. V.R. Miller, head of the crack Nisei regiment
protested discrimination against veteran members of his outfit whose
applications for membership in the VFW were rejected. His protest letter was
printed in the Stars and Stripes.
August 14, 1945
At 4 p.m. Pacific War Time, President Truman announced the surrender of
Japan. Spontaneous demonstrations broke out in San Francisco. All 30 air
raid sirens were sounded, and thousands of people ran into the streets all
over the city. Ticker tape and shredded telephone books were thrown from
windows in the Financial District. Chief of Police Dullea reported that
rioting broke out during the evening hours of the celebration.
Japanese prisoners of war housed at Angel Island had no apparent reaction to
the end of the war. A military spokesman said, "It is typical of the
attitude they have had all along. They have been very careful not to show
any reaction of emotion regarding the war, or the series of Allied
August 15, 1945
The RCA shortwave radio station in San Francisco
transmitted to station JUM, Tokio, this message for Emperor Hirohito from Gen. MacArthur: "I have been designated as the supreme
commander for the Allied powers, the United States, China, the United
Kingdom and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and empowered to
arrange for the cessation of hostilities to the earliest possible date. It
is desired that a radio station in Tokio be designated for continuous use in
handling communications between this headquarters and your headquarters."
August 18, 1945
"Peace riots" ended in San Francisco. Eleven people died and 1000 were
injured. More than 100 windows were broken on Market St. District Attorney
Edmund G. "Pat" Brown promised a full report on the disturbance to the grand